Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids



Nicolas HudonDupuis Hall 533-2787


Loretta IdowuDupuis
Ali KhazaeliDupuis
Aida MohammadiDupuis

Course Description

This course is an introduction to the thermodynamics of fluids for chemical engineering applications. Concepts to be learned include heat, work, internal energy, enthalpy, entropy and state functions. Students will understand how to calculate heat and work effects arising from physical processes such as expansion and contraction of fluids and how to calculate the thermodynamic properties of fluids using equations of state, residual properties and correlations.  Course concepts will be reinforced in a project. (0/0/0/42/0). Prerequisites CHEE 221 (or MINE 201)

Objectives and Outcomes

This course reinforces thermodynamic concepts introduced in first year, and extends them to the use of fluids in practical applications. The impact on thermodynamics on the analysis and design of chemical engineering processes such as power production (e.g., Rankine Cycle Power Plants and Gas Turbines) and refrigeration systems is emphasized, with the aim of achieving improved performance.

Specific course learning outcomes (CLOs):

CLO1. Extend the systems analysis method to define complex thermodynamic systems including transient materials and energy balances for open and closed systems.
CLO2. Apply the First Law of Thermodynamics to compute heat, work, and changes in internal energy and enthalpy for the analysis of any system, open or closed, undergoing irreversible processes.
CLO3. Apply the Second Law of Thermodynamics and the concept of entropy production to the analysis of reversible and real systems.
CLO4. Apply the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics to solve material, energy and entropy balances for process components.
CLO5. Understand the relationships among the internal energy, enthalpy, heat capacities, entropy, Gibbs and Helmholtz free energies.
CLO6. Use equations of state for gases and liquids to determine changes in PVT properties of fluids.
CLO7. Describe and analyze the performance and efficiency of the Rankine cycle, the Brayton cycles and other simple cycles.
CLO8. Apply the combined material, energy and entropy balance equations to solve process flow diagrams for basic power plants and refrigeration cycles.

This course assesses the following attributes:

  • Knowledge Base for Engineering (CLO 1-8):
    • CHEE-KB-THE-1. Applies laws of thermodynamics, identifies thermodynamic properties, studies the PVT properties of fluids and applies equations of state to describe fluid behaviour.
    • CHEE-KB-THE-2. Analyzes thermodynamic cycles and process components and performs the relevant calculations.
    • CHEE-KB-THE-3. Utilizes or constructs phase diagrams for single, or multi-component ideal and non-ideal systems.
  • Problem Analysis (CLO 4):
    • CHEE-PA-2 Creates process for solving problem including qualitative approximations and assumptions to reach substantiated conclusions.

Relevance to the Program

Course Structure and Activities

  • 3 lecture hours: Mon 9:30; Thu 10:30; Fri 14:30.
  • 1 tutorial hour: Tue 11:30.
  • Lectures and tutorial problem sets will be posted on onQ on Sundays.
  • Weekly assignments and video lectures will be posted on onQ on Friday.


Required Textbook: Smith, Van Ness and Abbot, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 7th Edition.

Additional Textbook
– H. Struchtrup (2014). Thermodynamics and Energy Conversion. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. online
– Y.A. Cengel and M.A. Boles (2015). Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 8th Ed. McGraw-Hill, NY.
– M.J. Moran, H.N. Shapiro, D.D. Boettner, and M.B. Bailey (2014). Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics. 8th Ed. Wiley.