Loading

Chemical Engineering

CHEE223

CHEE223 : Fluid Mechanics

Personnel

Instructor

Carlos EscobedoDupuis 209carlos.escobedo@queensu.ca

TAs

Srijit NairDUP 23914sn22@queensu.ca
Georges Younes15gry@queensu.ca
Salim Gopi15spg2@queensu.ca
Eric Murphy0em32@queensu.ca

Course Description

Principles of mass, momentum and energy transport are applied to the analysis of fluid systems commonly encountered in chemical engineering practice. This approach is via the macroscopic and differential balances of mass, momentum and energy. Topics include fluid statics, incompressible flow in closed conduits, flow and pressure measurement, transportation of fluids, laminar, turbulent and creeping flows, and boundary layer effects. The design component of this course involves the determination of commercial components (piping, tubing, valves, pressure and flow meters and other fittings, as well as pumps) for fluid transport systems in industrial settings.

Objectives and Outcomes

The aim of the course is to demonstrate the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and their applications in chemical engineering and in more general engineering applications. The course will teach the solution of fluid mechanics problems based on the use of mass, momentum and energy balances, using the concepts of control surfaces and volumes. By the end of the course, students should be able to accomplish the following:

  • Determine the pressure distribution in static fluids and the forces on submerged surfaces;
  • Perform mass, momentum and energy balances in one-dimensional flowing fluid systems;
  • Identify boundary conditions and solve differential equations describing fluid flow;
  • Determine the frictional losses, piping size and pump power requirements for laminar and turbulent flow in closed conduits for viscous and inviscid fluids;
  • Determine the drag forces on submerged surfaces in laminar and turbulent flow;
  • Develop relationships among process or system variables using dimensional analysis; and
  • Understand the technical aspects of pressure, flow and viscosity measurement.

Relevance to the Program

The course is the first of the suite of courses known as “transport phenomena courses”, which deal with the transport properties of matter. Concepts taught in this course are required for 3rd year courses (CHEE 330 – Heat and Mass Transfer, CHEE 331/332/333 – Design and scale-up of unit operations, CHEE 340-Biomedical engineering, CHEE 370 – Wastewater treatment processes) and 4th year courses (CHEE 412-Transport Phenomena in Chemical Engineering, CHEE 452 – Transport Phenomena in Physiological Systems, CHEE 470-Design of Manufacturing processes, CHEE 490-Polymer formulations and polymer technology). The course assumes working knowledge of 1st year mechanics and calculus.

Course Structure and Activities

Lectures: Monday 10:30-11:30; Wednesday 14:30-15:30; Friday 16:30-17:30. Location: Kingston Hall, Rm 101

Tutorials: Thursday 12:30-13:30 (Location: MIL 105) and Friday 9:30-10:30 (Location: Dupuis 217)

Resources

Required: deNevers, N., "Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers", 3rd Edition. Custom Courseware, by McGraw Hill, available from campus bookstore. *Please note that the full 2nd or 3rd Edition of this textbook is also acceptable.

Useful references:

Munson, B.R., Young, D.F. and Okiishi, T.H., "Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics", 3rd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 1998 (or a more recent edition).

Giles, R.V., Evett, J.B. and Liu, C., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics", 3rd Edition, Schaum’s Outline Series of Theory and Problems, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

White, F. M., “Fluid Mechanics”, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2011.